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Title: The Influence of the Soaking Temperature Rotary Forging and Solution Heat Treatment on the Structural and Mechanical Behavior in Ni-Rich NiTi Alloy
Authors: Rodrigues, Patrícia Freitas 
Teixeira, Rodolfo S.
Sénéchal, Naiara V. Le
Fernandes, Francisco Manuel Braz 
Paula, Andersan S.
Keywords: Heat treatments; NiTi; Shape-memory alloys; Synchrotron radiation; Thermomechanical process
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Project: UIDB/50025/2020-2023 
Serial title, monograph or event: Materials
Volume: 15
Issue: 1
Abstract: The structural and thermophysical characteristics of an Ni-rich NiTi alloy rod produced on a laboratory scale was studied. The soak temperature of the solution heat-treatment steps above 850◦ C taking advantage of the precipitate dissolution to provide a matrix homogenization, but it takes many hours (24 to 48) when used without thermomechanical steps. Therefore, the suitable reheating to apply between the forging process steps is very important, because the product’s structural characteristics are dependent on the thermomechanical processing history, and the time required to expose the material to high temperatures during the processing is reduced. The structural characteristics were investigated after solution heat treatment at 900◦ C and 950◦ C for 120 min, and these heat treatments were compared with as-forged sample structural characteristics (one hot deformation step after 800◦ C for a 30 min reheat stage). The phase-transformation temperatures were analyzed through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and the structural characterization was performed through synchrotron radiation-based X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) at room temperature. It was observed that the solution heat treatment at 950◦ C/120 min presents a lower martensitic reversion finish temperature (Af ); the matrix was fully austenitic; and it had a hardness of about 226 HV. Thus, this condition is the most suitable for the reheating stages between the hot forging-process steps to be applied to this alloy to produce materials that can display a superelasticity effect, for applications such as crack sensors or orthodontic archwires. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ISSN: 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma15010063
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEMMPRE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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