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Title: Engineering Transistorlike Optical Gain in Two-Dimensional Materials with Berry Curvature Dipoles
Authors: Rappoport, Tatiana G
Morgado, Tiago A. 
Lannebère, Sylvain 
Silveirinha, Mário G. 
Keywords: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect; Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect; Physics - Optics
Issue Date: 17-Feb-2023
Publisher: American Physical Society
Project: IT DL 57/2016/CP1353/CT000 
A F Harvey Research 
Simons Foundation - 733700 
Serial title, monograph or event: Physical Review Letters
Volume: 130
Issue: 7
Abstract: Transistors are key elements of electronic circuits as they enable, for example, the isolation or amplification of voltage signals. While conventional transistors are point-type (lumped-element) devices, it may be interesting to realize a distributed transistor-type optical response in a bulk material. Here, we show that low-symmetry two-dimensional metallic systems may be the ideal solution to implement such a distributed-transistor response. To this end, we use the semiclassical Boltzmann equation approach to characterize the optical conductivity of a two-dimensional material under a static electric bias. Similar to the nonlinear Hall effect, the linear electro-optic (EO) response depends on the Berry curvature dipole and can lead to nonreciprocal optical interactions. Most interestingly, our analysis uncovers a novel non-Hermitian linear EO effect that can lead to optical gain and to a distributed transistor response. We study a possible realization based on strained bilayer graphene. Our analysis reveals that the optical gain for incident light transmitted through the biased system depends on the light polarization, and can be quite large, especially for multilayer configurations.
ISSN: 0031-9007
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.076901
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D IT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Eng.Electrotécnica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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