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Title: A GIS-MCDA Approach Addressing Economic-Social-Environmental Concerns for Selecting the Most Suitable Compressed Air Energy Storage Reservoirs
Authors: Matos, Catarina R. 
Carneiro, Júlio F.
Silva, Patrícia Pereira da 
Henriques, Carla O. 
Keywords: compressed air energy storage; potential underground reservoirs; economic-socialenvironmental concerns; multi-criteria decision analysis; simple additive weighting; sensibility analysis
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Project: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-029820/T4ENERTEC Tools for supporting the selection of energy efficient technologies 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UID/Multi/00308/2020/PT/Institute for Systems Engineering and Computers at Coimbra 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UIDB/05037/2020/PT/Centre for Business and Economics Research - University of Coimbra 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/FARH/SFRH/BD/117722/2016/PT/Armazenamento de Energia em Ar Comprimido: o seu Potencial e Viabilidade Económica em Portugal. 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/6817 - DCRRNI ID/UID/GEO/04683/2019/PT/INSTITUTE OF EARTH SCIENCES 
Serial title, monograph or event: Energies
Volume: 14
Issue: 20
Abstract: This article presents an assessment of the most suitable compressed air energy storage (CAES) reservoirs and facilities to better integrate renewable energy into the electricity grid. The novelty of this study resides in selecting the best CAES reservoir sites through the application of a multi-criteria decision aid (MCDA) tool, specifically the simple additive weighting (SAW) method. Besides using geographic information systems (GIS) spatial representation of potential reservoir areas, for the MCDA method, several spatial criteria, environmental and social constraints, and positive incentives (e.g., the proximity to existing power generation facilities of renewable energy sources) were contemplated. As a result, sixty-two alternatives or potential reservoir sites were identified, and thirteen criteria (seven constraints and six incentives) were considered. The final stage of this study consisted of conducting a sensitivity analysis to determine the robustness of the solutions obtained and giving insights regarding each criterion’s influence on the reservoir sites selected. The three best suitable reservoir sites obtained were the Monte Real salt dome, Sines Massif, and the Campina de Cima—Loulé salt mine. The results show that this GIS-MCDA methodological framework, integrating spatial and non-spatial information, proved to provide a multidimensional view of the potential reservoir CAES systems incorporating both constraints and incentives.
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en14206793
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D INESCC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CeBER - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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