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Title: It’s so hot: predicting climate change effects on urban tourists’ time–space experience
Authors: Caldeira, Ana Maria 
Kastenholz, Elisabeth 
Keywords: Climate change; weather conditions; time–space activity; tourist movements; tourist experience; tourist perceptions
Issue Date: 23-Oct-2018
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Volume: 26
Issue: 9
Abstract: Progressive changes in mean annual temperatures are arguably the strongest evidence of ongoing climate change. In destinations with a Mediterranean climate, in contrast to the colder months, during summer, rising air temperatures are believed to inhibit tourist movements and activities, and consequently affect tourists’ evaluation of and satisfaction with their experiences. To the best of our knowledge, no previous study has investigated the potential impact of climate change on tourists’ time–space activity using actual behavioural tracking-based information. Data collected via GPS technology and a post-visit survey of tourists (n = 404) visiting Lisbon during the summer were analysed via structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). The results report empirical evidence of the present impact of (summer) weather on urban tourists’ time–space activity and on their intra-destination experience evaluation. Specifically, maximum air temperature is found to have a significant negative effect on overall satisfaction, while the meteorological conditions of the entire day reveal a significant impact on tourists’ activities and movements. The results are particularly useful for the sustainable adaptive management of urban attractions and destinations that are especially vulnerable to climate change, as well as in managing its adverse impact on tourists’ experiences.
ISSN: 0966-9582
DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2018.1478840
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEGOT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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