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Title: Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) calcareous nannofossils from the Peniche section (Lusitanian Basin, Portugal): A clue for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions
Authors: Reggiani, L. 
Mattioli, E. 
Pittet, B. 
Duarte, L. V. 
Oliveira, L. C. Veiga de 
Comas-Rengifo, M. J. 
Keywords: Early Jurassic; Pliensbachian; Calcareous nannofossils; Palaeoenvironment; Lusitanian Basin; Portugal
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: REGGIANI, L. [et al.] - Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) calcareous nannofossils from the Peniche section (Lusitanian Basin, Portugal): A clue for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. "Marine Micropaleontology". ISSN 0377-8398. 75:1-4 (2010) 1-16
Serial title, monograph or event: Marine Micropaleontology
Volume: 75
Issue: 1-4
Abstract: Quantitative analysis of Early Jurassic calcareous nannofossil assemblages from the Peniche section in Portugal have been performed in order to interpret palaeoenvironmental changes occurring in the Lusitanian Basin during the Late Pliensbachian Davoei, Margaritatus and Spinatum Ammonite Zones. Nannofossil data are compared to already published carbon and oxygen stable isotope data, organic matter content (wt.%Total Organic Carbon, TOC), and biomarker analysis. A signi!cant change in calcareous nannofossil assemblages and species diversity at the transition between the Margaritatus and Spinatum Ammonite Zones matches with the pattern shown by geochemical data. This suggests that a profound change in environmental conditions occurred at that time. In the Davoei and Margaritatus Ammonite Zones, in a context of general sea-level rise, the Lusitanian Basin was characterized by water column strati!cation that favoured the sedimentation and preservation of organic matter. Biomarkers and oxygen isotope trends suggest that strati!cation of water masses occurred because of low salinity in surface waters. The shallowest part of the water column, characterized by oligotrophic conditions, was inhabited by the (probable) calcareous dinocyst Schizosphaerella spp., while the deep-dweller Crepidolithus crassus "ourished in the lower photic-zone layers. In the Spinatum Ammonite Zone, a regressive trend occurred and a salinity increase is inferred on the basis of oxygen isotope values. Water masses were probably less strati!ed at that time. The upper photic-zone nannofossil assemblages were still dominated by Schizosphaerella spp. whilst, in the deep photic-zone, Mitrolithus jansae (a Mediterranean taxon) replaced C. crassus (a taxon with NW-European af!nity). This pattern may indicate a change in palaeoceanographic conditions related to surface current circulation. The sea-level fall occurring during the Spinatum Ammonite Zone may have resulted in the partial isolation of the Lusitanian Basin from the NW-Europe basins because of the creation of a threshold. Alternatively, tectonic drowning of North African carbonate platforms in the Late Pliensbachian may have promoted better exchanges of nannoplankton between the Lusitanian Basin and the Mediterranean Tethys via the creation of new seaway connections.
ISSN: 0377-8398
DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.02.002
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D MARE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Ciências da Terra - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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