Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/113793
Title: Effects of Different Basketball Shooting Positions and Distances on Gaze Behavior and Shooting Accuracy
Authors: Amaro, Catarina M. 
Amaro, Ana M. 
Gomes, Beatriz B. 
Castro, Maria António 
Mendes, Rui 
Keywords: fixations; shooting angles; shooting distances; task constraints; visual behavior
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Project: UIDP/DTP/04213/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 13
Issue: 5
Abstract: Basketball is a sport where in order to obtain points, it is necessary to put the ball in the basket. Therefore, basketball players need to shoot the ball accurately. This study aimed to evaluate if there are differences between shooting positions and angles concerning athlete visual behavior. Tobii Pro Glasses 3 was used to measure the number and duration of fixations in the target during shooting movement. The sample included 18 basketball players (10 female and 8 males; 22 3.72 years; 12.5 4.52 years of federated basketball practice) who performed a total of 60 shots in all shooting conditions and positions. Two distances (free throw and 3 points line) and three angles (45 , 90 , and 135 ) in the 3 points shot were considered in all three shooting conditions (baseline, simulated opposition, and gym audience noise). Between distances, statistically significant differences occurred in the number and total duration of fixations and shooting accuracy. At a greater distance from the basket, the athlete tended to have less accuracy, as well as a lower number and duration of fixations. Between angles, there was no statistically significant differences, neither a tendency towards lower or higher values between them. Moreover, the shooting accuracy was better when the athlete focused for more time on the target, which occurred in the free throw condition.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/113793
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app13052911
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CEMMPRE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CIDAF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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