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Title: Perceived cognitive functioning in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy compared to matched healthy women: Evidence from a Portuguese study
Authors: Oliveira, Ana F. 
Torres, Ana
Teixeira, Ricardo J. 
Monteiro, Sara
Pereira, Anabela
Santos, Isabel M. 
Keywords: anxiety; breast neoplasms; chemotherapy; cognitive dysfunction; cross-sectional; depression; nurses
Issue Date: Jun-2023
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Project: UIDB/4255/2020 
UIDP/ 4255/2020 
project RISE (LA/P/0053/2020) 
SFRH/BD/138785/ 2018 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Volume: 29
Issue: 3
Abstract: Aim: Cognitive concerns are one of the most frequently reported symptoms by breast cancer survivors. This study aimed to evaluate perceived cognitive functioning in Portuguese women with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy. Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolling 146 women (73 with breast cancer and 73 healthy) was conducted from August to October 2017, invited to participate through online dissemination. Participants completed self-reported questionnaires to collect sociodemographic and clinical data and assess perceived cognitive functioning and psychological adjustment variables (anxiety and depression). Results: Compared to healthy women, women with breast cancer showed significantly lower scores on the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog) subscales and higher levels of depression. Both groups showed significant negative correlations between perceived cognitive functioning and anxiety and depression. Health status and depression seem to better explain perceived cognitive functioning, with health status adding significantly more explained variance beyond sociodemographic and psychological adjustment variables. Conclusion: The current findings provide evidence for the existence of more cognitive complaints among Portuguese women with breast cancer, compared to healthy individuals. Anxiety, depression, age and education also explain perceived cognitive functioning. Considering that health status and psychological adjustment seem to significantly explain perceived cognitive functioning, special attention should be given by health-care professionals, including nurses, to designing clinical interventions for breast cancer patients to help manage cognitive impairment.
ISSN: 1322-7114
DOI: 10.1111/ijn.13119
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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