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Title: The Impact on Structures of the Pedrógão Grande Fire Complex in June 2017 (Portugal)
Authors: Ribeiro, Luís Mário 
Rodrigues, André 
Lucas, Davi
Viegas, Domingos Xavier 
Keywords: wildland urban interface; large wildfire; structure ignition; wildfire impact
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Project: Portuguese Internal Affairs Ministry 
FCT - PCIF/AGT/0109/2018 
Serial title, monograph or event: Fire
Volume: 3
Issue: 4
Abstract: On 17 June 2017, one of the most dramatic and destructive wildfires in Portugal’s History started, formed by a complex of at least five wildfires that merged together burning more than 45,000 hectares. In its aftermath, 66 persons lost their lives, most of them trying to run away from the fire, more than 250 were injured, and over 1000 structures (including 263 residential homes) were damaged or destroyed, with direct losses estimated at around 200 million euros. Shortly after the fire was extinguished, and as part of a larger analysis, the authors performed exhaustive field work to assess the fire impact on all manmade structures in the area of the Pedrógão Grande fire. Aspecific geodatabase was built, accounting for an extensive set of parameters aimed at characterizing: (i) The structure, (ii) the surroundings of the structure, and (iii) the arrival and impact of the fire. Atotal of 1043 structures were considered for the analysis, mostly support structures, like sheds or storage (38.6%), but also around 25% of dwellings (13.3% primary and 11.9% secondary). Regarding the ignitions, more than 60% of the structures were ignited due to the deposition of firebrands in di erent weak points. In addition, more than 60% of these ignitions occurred on the roofs, mainly because of the vulnerability associated with the structures and materials supporting them. Despite these results, and from what we observed on the structures that were not destroyed, we still consider that for the Portuguese reality houses are a good refuge, providing that they and their surroundings are managed and kept in good conditions.
ISSN: 2571-6255
DOI: 10.3390/fire3040057
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D ADAI - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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