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Title: Key-Parameters in Chemical Stabilization of Soils with Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
Authors: Correia, António Alberto S. 
Casaleiro, Pedro D. F. 
Figueiredo, Diogo T. R. 
Moura, Marta S. M. R. 
Rasteiro, Maria G. 
Keywords: soil improvement; multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs); unconfined compressive strength tests; surfactant
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Project: UIDB00102/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 11
Issue: 18
Abstract: Chemical stabilization is one of the most successful techniques that has been applied to improve the geomechanical behavior of soil. Several additives have been studied to be a sustainable alternative to traditional additives (Portland cement and lime) normally associated with high cost and carbon footprint. Nanomaterials are one of the most recent additives proposed. This work is focused on one type of nanomaterial, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with unique characteristics, applied to chemical stabilization of soils and aiming to identify the key-parameters affecting the stabilization improvement. It was found that a surfactant should be added in order to oppose the natural tendency of MWCNTs to aggregate with the consequent loss of benefits. The surfactant choice is not so dependent on the charge of the surfactant but rather on the balance between the concentration and the hydrodynamic diameter/molecular weight due to their impact on the geomechanical compression behavior. As time evolves from 7 to 28 days, there is a decrease in the geomechanical benefits associated with the presence of MWCNTs explained by the development of the cementitious matrix. MWCNTs applied in a proper concentration and enriched with a specific surfactant type may be a short-time valid alternative to the partial replacement of traditional additives.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11188754
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIEPQPF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Eng.Civil - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Eng.Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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