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Title: Development of a New Pasta Product by the Incorporation of Chestnut Flour and Bee Pollen
Authors: Brochard, Maëlys
Correia, Paula
Barroca, Maria João 
Guiné, Raquel P. F. 
Keywords: color; texture; nutritional value; product development; optimal formulation
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Project: ValorCast project, PDR2020 program, Ref. n.º PDR2020- 101-032035 
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 11
Issue: 14
Abstract: This work aimed at developing fortified pastas incorporating chestnut flour (25–55%) and powdered pollen (5–20%), either separately or in combination, as well as the characterization of the products obtained. To this, a physical characterization was carried out (analyzing texture and color), complemented with chemical analyses to determine the nutritional composition. Results showed that adding chestnut flour over 40% to wheat-flour pasta shortened optimum cooking time and lowered cooking yield, and the addition to pasta prepared with wheat flour and eggs maintained approximately constant the cooking yield. Additionally, the incorporation of pollen powder (up to 20%) in pasta prepared with wheat flour and water or fresh egg shortened the cooking time and cooking yield, in both fresh and dried pasta. The most suitable percentages of the new ingredients were 50% for chestnut and 10% for pollen. Comparing with the control pasta recipe (wheat flour and egg), the addition of chestnut flour (50%) or pollen powder (10%) increased stickiness, adhesiveness and the darkening of the final product (fresh or dried) but maintained the firmness of the pasta. The cooking of fresh or dried pasta enriched with both ingredients turned the pasta clearer and slightly stickier. On the other hand, the addition of chestnut flour and pollen powder in pasta formulation delivered a nutritionally balanced product with high fiber, vitamins and minerals. Overall, chestnut flour and powdered pollen represent promising ingredients for the development of functional fresh and dried pasta formulations.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11146617
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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