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Title: Influence of Cavity Geometry on the Fracture Strength of Dental Restorations: Finite Element Study
Authors: Neto, Maria A. 
Roseiro, Luís 
Messias, Ana 
Falacho, Rui I. 
Palma, Paulo J. 
Amaro, Ana M. 
Keywords: Ceramic materials; Finite element analysis; Inlay; Onlay
Issue Date: 2021
Project: FCT UIDB/00285/2020 
FEDER COMPETE–Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade 
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
Abstract: The main purpose of this work was to analyze the stress distribution in premolars restored with indirect IPS Empress® CAD onlays or inlays. The three-dimensional geometry of a human first premolar was created using modeling software. The tooth fixation system was simu-lated through box geometry, comprising a cortical bone layer with 2 mm of thickness over a layer of trabecular bone with 15 mm of thickness. The tooth had the following approximated crown dimensions: 10.35 mm buccolingual length; 7.1 mm mesiodistal width; and 7.0 mm cervico-occlusal height. The mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavity preparations followed the suggestions available in the literature. The cement geometry was modified to include cohesive zone models (CZM) to perform the adhesive joint’s strength prediction. The loading body was created assuming contact between the food bolus and the tooth surface. Numerical solutions were obtained by performing static analysis and damage analysis using the finite element method. Von Mises stress values generated in the ceramic inlay restoration ranged from 1.39–181.47 MPa, which were on average 4.4% higher than those of the onlay ceramic restoration. The fracture strength of the onlay restoration was about 18% higher than that of the inlay restoration. The onlay design seems to contribute to higher homogenization of the adhesive resin cement strain and higher tooth structure protection.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11094218
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEMMPRE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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