Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/99932
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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, F. L.-
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, C. W.-
dc.contributor.authorDroke, J. L.-
dc.contributor.authorNeruda, P.-
dc.contributor.authorWillman, J. C.-
dc.contributor.authorBecam, G.-
dc.contributor.authorde Lumley, M.-A.-
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-26T07:42:47Z-
dc.date.available2022-04-26T07:42:47Z-
dc.date.issued2021-06-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10316/99932-
dc.descriptionThe version of record of this article, first published in Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology, is available online at Publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41982-021-00099-0pt
dc.description.abstractThe dietary proclivities of an early adolescent Neandertal, Kůlna 1, are reconstructed using dental microwear texture analysis. Examining the diet of Kůlna 1 provides new information about the lifeways and paleoecological conditions faced by Neandertals living in the Moravian karst, an area of extensive anthropogenic activity during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3. Comparative samples include Hortus cave (n = 6), La Quina 5, Malarnaud, Spy I, Krapina (n = 19), and Vindija (n = 4) as well as human foragers, farmers, and pastoralists (n = 181). Kůlna 1 yields a relatively low value for anisotropy (epLsar) compared to most of the Neandertals investigated, suggesting heterogeneous jaw movements typical of Holocene foragers. In contrast, Kůlna 1 exhibits one of the highest Middle Paleolithic complexity (Asfc) values. Since elevated complexity is associated with Holocene humans who consumed poorly processed, abrasive, and mechanically hard resources, the diet of Kůlna 1 is reconstructed as based largely on hard and brittle plant foods, perhaps available from an interval of higher temperatures during an interstadial period of MIS 3 or possibly from other factors, including individual variation in diet preferences, food availability, grit load, seasonality, and group cultural traditions.pt
dc.description.sponsorshipFulbright-Belgium and the Commission for Educational Exchange between the USA, Belgium, and Luxembourg to FLW; from Marie Skłodowska- Curie Actions (H2020-MSCA-IF-2018 No. 839822), AGAUR (Ref. 2017SGR1040), and URV (Ref. 2019PFR-URV-91) Projects, MICINN/FEDER (PGC2018-093,925-B-C32), and the Leakey Foundation to JCW; from the National Science Foundation (BCS 0,922,930) to CWS, and the institutional support of long-term conceptual development of research institutions provided by the Ministry of Culture (ref. MK000094862).pt
dc.language.isoporpt
dc.publisherSpringerpt
dc.rightsembargoedAccesspt
dc.subjectHortuspt
dc.subjectLa Quina 5pt
dc.subjectMalarnaudpt
dc.subjectSpy 1pt
dc.subjectDental Microwear Texture Analysispt
dc.titleReconstructing the Diet of Kůlna 1 from the Moravian Karst (Czech Republic)pt
dc.typearticle-
degois.publication.firstPage1pt
degois.publication.lastPage23pt
degois.publication.issue2021pt
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s41982-021-00099-0pt
dc.peerreviewedyespt
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s41982-021-00099-0pt
degois.publication.volume21pt
dc.date.embargo2022-06-01*
uc.date.periodoEmbargo365pt
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextCom Texto completo-
item.openairetypearticle-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.languageiso639-1pt-
Appears in Collections:I&D CIAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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