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Title: The new feminist frontier on community-based learning: popular feminism, online misogyny, and toxic masculinities
Authors: Simões, Rita Basílio
Amaral, Inês 
Santos, Sofia José 
Keywords: Adult education; Digital feminist activism; Misogyny; Social movement learning; Toxic masculinities
Issue Date: 31-May-2021
Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press
Project: GENDER RESEARCH 4 COVID-19-058 
Serial title, monograph or event: European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Place of publication or event: Linköping
Abstract: Feminist activism has always promoted informal learning opportunities for men and women. Internet, along with ICTs have expanded these opportunities by affording large-scale feminist mobilising and connection. Yet the digital environment is not only enhancing feminist campaigning but also facilitating the contexts to abusive behaviours flourish. Departing from the concept of social movement learning, in this article, we examine the significance to adult education of the large-scale reinvigoration of feminist activism in tandem with the surge of anti-feminist and misogynist ideas in the digital environment. We argue that just as online social media brought unprecedented opportunities to provide social movement learning, it offered the same tools to misogynists groups, mostly led by a toxic understanding of masculinity. By co-opting the same online opportunities, the feminist movement enjoys, individualised and collective toxic masculinity agency is a potential foe to match, reinventing the same struggle, demanding an ongoing battle towards deconstructing patriarchy.
ISSN: 2000-7426
DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.3359
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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