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Title: Mechanical and Tribological Characterization of a Bioactive Composite Resin
Authors: Carneiro, Elsa Reis
Coelho, Ana Sofia
Amaro, Inês 
Paula, Anabela Baptista
Marto, Carlos Miguel
Saraiva, José
Ferreira, Manuel Marques 
Vilhena, Luis 
Ramalho, Amílcar
Carrilho, Eunice 
Keywords: Bioactive resin; Friction behavior; Mechanical tests; Restorative dentistry; Thermocycling; Wear mechanisms
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences
Volume: 11
Issue: 17
Abstract: Despite developments and advances in dental materials which allow for greater restorative performance, there are still challenges and questions regarding the formulation of new compositions and chemical reactions of materials used in restorative dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the mechanical and tribological characteristics of a bioactive resin, a composite resin, and a glass ionomer. Twenty specimens of each material were divided into two groups: one control group (n = 10), not subjected to thermocycling, and one test group (n = 10) submitted to thermocycling. The Vickers microhardness test was carried out and surface roughness was evaluated. The tribological sliding indentation test was chosen. The bioactive resin had the lowest hardness, followed by the composite resin, and the glass ionomer. The bioactive resin also showed greater resistance to fracture. For the tribological test, the wear rate was lower for the bioactive resin, followed by the composite resin, and the glass ionomer. The bioactive resin presented a smooth surface without visible cracks, while the other materials presented a brittle peeling of great portions of material. Thus, the bioactive resin performs better in relation to fracture toughness, wear rate and impact absorption than the composite resin and much better than the glass ionomer. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11178256
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIBB - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICBR - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CEMMPRE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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