Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/88950
Title: Precipitation and Erosivity in Southern Portugal: Seasonal Variability and Trends (1950-2008)
Authors: Nunes, Adélia de Jesus Nobre 
Lourenço, Luciano Fernandes 
Vieira, António A. B. 
Gonçalves, António Bento 
Keywords: precipitation trends; precipitation concentration; precipitation erosivity; seasonal variability; southern Portugal
Issue Date: 10-Feb-2016
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Serial title, monograph or event: Land Degradation and Development
Volume: 27
Issue: 2
Abstract: Southern Portugal experiences the lowest amounts of annual precipitation and the highest level of susceptibility to soil erosion, drought events and desertification phenomena in mainland Portugal. The first goal of this paper was to analyse spatial variability and trends in annual precipitation and erosivity in southern mainland Portugal for the period 1950/1951–2007/2008. The second objective was to evaluate seasonality in relation to precipitation distribution, erosivity and concentration over the same period and to evaluate and detect possible changes in the time trend for precipitation erosivity. In order to achieve these objectives, the annual and seasonal precipitation figures, corresponding to data from 90 rain gauges, were analysed and the Modified Fournier Index and Precipitation Concentration Index calculated for each station. The results obtained revealed distinct behaviour patterns for yearly precipitation, erosivity and concentration trends. Decreases in annual precipitation and erosivity figures accompanied by increases in precipitation concentration were found. Nevertheless, no generalised significant trends have been detected for these variables. In seasonal terms, there was a general trend towards an increase in amount, concentration and precipitation erosivity in autumn and summer, and a significantly reducing in winter. The increase in precipitation erosivity, particularly in the autumn, the most water-erosive season, suggests a rising in potential soil erosion risk in southern Portugal.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/88950
ISSN: 10853278
DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2265
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEGOT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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