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Title: World-wide non-mandatory involvement of electricity utilities in the promotion of energy efficiency and the Portuguese experience
Authors: Sousa, José L. 
Martins, António G. 
Jorge, Humberto M. 
Keywords: Energy efficiency DSM Portugal
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: PEst-C/EEI/UI0308/2011 
Abstract: The interest in the promotion of energy efficiency by utilities at the demand-side started in the seventies caused by the high prices of oil and suffered a drastic set back during the restructuring of the electricity sector. However, growing awareness on the positive effects of energy efficiency on the economy and on the environment, led many countries/jurisdictions to impose utilities’ engagement in the promotion of energy efficiency. In other countries/jurisdictions utilities encourage their customers to improve energy efficiency, on a non-mandatory basis. In this paper, the non-mandatory involvement of electric utilities in the promotion of energy efficiency at the demand-side is addressed. Some world-wide examples are given, detailing the Portuguese experience. Although this participation is important, it seems that countries/jurisdictions with regulatory impositions obtain more satisfying results.
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.02.006
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D INESCC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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