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Title: Palladium nanoparticles and nanowires deposited electrochemically: AFM and electrochemical characterization
Authors: Diculescu, Victor 
Paquim, Ana Maria Chiorcea 
Corduneanu, Oana 
Brett, Ana Oliveira 
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. 11:7 (2007) 887-898
Abstract: Abstract Palladium nanoparticles and nanowires electrochemically deposited onto a carbon surface were studied using cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The ex situ and in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) topographic images showed that nanoparticles and nanowires of palladium were preferentially electrodeposited to surface defects on the highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surface and enabled the determination of the Pd nanostructure dimensions on the order of 50–150 nm. The palladium nanoparticles and nanowires electrochemically deposited onto a glassy carbon surface behave differently with respect to the pH of the electrolyte buffer solution. In acid or mild acid solutions under applied negative potential, hydrogen can be adsorbed/absorbed onto/into the palladium lattice. By controlling the applied negative potential, different quantities of hydrogen can be incorporated, and this process was followed, analysing the oxidation peak of hydrogen. It is also shown that the growth of the Pd oxide layer begins at negative potentials with the formation of a pre-monolayer oxide film, at a potential well before the hydrogen evolution region. At positive potentials, Pd(0) nanoparticles undergo oxidation, and the formation of a mixed oxide layer was observed, which can act as nucleation points for Pd metal growth, increasing the metal electrode surface coverage. Depending on thickness and composition, this oxide layer can be reversibly reduced. AFM images confirmed that the PdO and PdO2 oxides formed on the surface may act as nucleation points for Pd metal growth, increasing the metal electrode surface coverage.
DOI: 10.1007/s10008-007-0275-7
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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