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Title: Electrochemistry of nanoscale DNA surface films on carbon
Authors: Oliveira-Brett, A. M. 
Paquim, A. M. Chiorcea 
Diculescu, V. C. 
Piedade, J. A. P. 
Keywords: Electrochemical DNA-biosensor; Nanoscale; Nanobioelectrochemistry; Surface films; Quercetin; Adriamycin
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Medical Engineering & Physics. 28:10 (2006) 963-970
Abstract: A DNA electrochemical biosensor is an integrated receptor-transducer device. The most important step in the development and manufacture of a sensitive DNA-biosensor for the detection of DNA-drug interactions is the immobilization procedure of the nucleic acid probe on the transducer surface. Magnetic A/C Mode atomic force microscopy (MAC Mode AFM) images in air were used to characterize two different procedures for immobilising nanoscale double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) surface films on carbon electrodes. Thin film dsDNA layers presented holes in the dsDNA film that left parts of the electrode surface uncovered while thicker films showed a uniform and complete coverage of the electrode. These two procedures for preparing dsDNA-biosensors were used to study the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the mechanism of DNA damage by quercetin, a flavonoid, and adriamycin, an anthracycline anticancer drug. The study of quercetin-DNA interactions in the presence of Cu(II) ions indicated that the formation of a quercetin-Cu(II) complex leads to the formation of ROS necessary to react with DNA, disrupting the helix and causing the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo). Reduced adriamycin radicals are able to directly cause oxidative damage to DNA, generating 8-oxodGuo and ROS are not directly involved in this genomic mutagenic lesion.
DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2006.05.009
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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