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Title: Adult attachment style and cortisol responses in women in late pregnancy
Authors: Costa-Martins, José Manuel 
Moura-Ramos, Mariana 
Cascais, Maria João 
Silva, Carlos Fernandes da 
Costa-Martins, Henriqueta 
Pereira, Marco 
Coelho, Rui 
Tavares, Jorge 
Keywords: Adult; Circadian Rhythm; Fear; Female; Humans; Hydrocortisone; Middle Aged; Pituitary-Adrenal System; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Trimester, Third; Saliva; Young Adult; Object Attachment
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Costa-Martins, J. M., Moura-Ramos, M., Cascais, M. J., Silva, C. F., Martins, H., Pereira, M., Coelho, R., & Tavares, J. (2016). Adult attachment style and cortisol responses in women in late pregnancy. BMC Psychology, 4:1. doi:10.1186/ s40359-016-0105-8
Serial title, monograph or event: BMC Psychology
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Abstract: Background: Recent research has documented the association between attachment and cortisol rhythms. During pregnancy, when attachment patterns are likely to be activated, elevated levels of cortisol are associated with negative effects for the mother and the foetus. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of adult attachment style and cortisol rhythms in pregnant women. Methods: Eighty women in the third trimester of pregnancy participated in the study. Adult attachment was assessed using the Adult Attachment Scale – Revised (AAS-R). Participants collected 4 samples of salivary cortisol at two different days; 3 samples were collected in the morning immediately after wakeup and one sample was collected by bedtime. Results: Results found group significant differences in the cortisol diurnal oscillation (F(1,71) = 26.46, p < .001,), with secure women reporting a steep decrease in cortisol from awakening to bedtime, while women with fearful avoidant attachment reported no changes. No group differences were found regarding the cortisol awakening response. Conclusions: These results highlight the importance of considering attachment patterns during pregnancy, suggesting fearful avoidant attachment style as a possible risk factor for emotional difficulties and dysregulation of the neuroendocrine rhythms.
DOI: 10.1186/s40359-016-0105-8
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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