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Title: Humidity sensing properties of a thick-film titania prepared by a slow spinning process
Authors: Faia, P. M. 
Furtado, C. S. 
Ferreira, A. J. 
Keywords: Humidity sensor; Titania; Thick film; Impedance spectroscopy
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. 101:1-2 (2004) 183-190
Abstract: A ceramic thick film humidity sensor was produced from an emulsion of titania powders by a spin coating technique using a low speed. Electrical measurements were taken between interdigital electrodes obtained by depositing silver paste on the oxide, then cured at 500 °C for 15 min. Different relative humidities of a dynamic atmosphere were obtained by mixing dry and 23 °C saturated synthetic air in convenient proportions. Complex impedance spectra of the titania sensor at various relative humidities (RH) and different temperatures were measured and compared. The humidity sensing behaviour is due to surface water molecules adsorption and capillary condensation. The proposed sensing mechanisms, explaining the registered impedance spectra, are a combination of proton hopping, hydronium electrical drift and diffusion, and electrolytic conduction. In the frequency range 1-400 Hz, resistance and capacitive reactance show variations of three to four-order magnitude over the RH range 10-100%. The curves representing the variations of resistance and capacitive reactance versus RH show clearly the existence of two dominant electrical charge transport mechanisms. A parameter called characteristic humidity is defined to represent the sensitive response of the sensor. It was found that the sensitivity was highly dependent on the frequency. This work also shows that, for the same RH, both resistance and capacitive reactance vary with the atmosphere temperature.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Electrotécnica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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