Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/25252
Title: BDNF-induced local protein synthesis and synaptic plasticity
Authors: Leal, Graciano 
Comprido, Diogo 
Duarte, Carlos B. 
Keywords: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF); Synaptic plasticity; Long-term potentiation (LTP); Translation; RNA transport
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Serial title, monograph or event: Neuropharmacology
Volume: 76
Issue: Part 2
Abstract: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important regulator of synaptic transmission and longterm potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus and in other brain regions, playing a role in the formation of certain forms of memory. The effects of BDNF in LTP are mediated by TrkB (tropomyosin-related kinase B) receptors, which are known to be coupled to the activation of the Ras/ERK, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and phospholipase C-g (PLC-g) pathways. The role of BDNF in LTP is best studied in the hippocampus, where the neurotrophin acts at pre- and post-synaptic levels. Recent studies have shown that BDNF regulates the transport of mRNAs along dendrites and their translation at the synapse, by modulating the initiation and elongation phases of protein synthesis, and by acting on specific miRNAs. Furthermore, the effect of BDNF on transcription regulation may further contribute to long-term changes in the synaptic proteome. In this review we discuss the recent progress in understanding the mechanisms contributing to the short- and long-term regulation of the synaptic proteome by BDNF, and the role in synaptic plasticity, which is likely to influence learning and memory formation. This article is part of the Special Issue entitled ‘BDNF Regulation of Synaptic Structure, Function, and Plasticity’.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/25252
ISSN: 0028-3908
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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