Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/23751
Title: Contributions to the Completeness and Complementarity of Local Image Features
Authors: Martins, Pedro 
Orientador: Carvalho, Paulo
Keywords: Visão por computador
Issue Date: 12-Mar-2014
Citation: MARTINS, Pedro José Mendes - Contributions to the completeness and complementarity of local image features. Coimbra : [s.n.], 2013. Tese de doutoramento. Disponível na WWW: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/23751
Abstract: Local image feature detection (or extraction, if we want to use a more semantically correct term) is a central and extremely active research topic in the field of computer vision. Reliable solutions to prominent problems such as matching, content-based image retrieval, object (class) recognition, and symmetry detection, often make use of local image features. It is widely accepted that a good local feature detector is the one that efficiently retrieves distinctive, accurate, and repeatable features in the presence of a wide variety of photometric and geometric transformations. However, these requirements are not always the most important. In fact, not all the applications require the same properties from a local feature detector. We can distinguish three broad categories of applications according to the required properties. The first category includes applications in which the semantic meaning of a particular type of features is exploited. For instance, edge or even ridge detection can be used to identify blood vessels in medical images or watercourses in aerial images. Another example in this category is the use of blob extraction to identify blob-like organisms in microscopic images. A second category includes tasks such as matching, tracking, and registration, which mainly require distinctive, repeatable, and accurate features. Finally, a third category comprises applications such as object (class) recognition, image retrieval, scene classification, and image compression. For this category, it is crucial that features preserve the most informative image content (robust image representation), while requirements such as repeatability and accuracy are of less importance. Our research work is mainly focused on the problem of providing a robust image representation through the use of local features. The limited number of types of features that a local feature extractor responds to might be insufficient to provide the so-called robust image representation. It is fundamental to analyze the completeness of local features, i.e., the amount of image information preserved by local features, as well as the often neglected complementarity between sets of features. The major contributions of this work come in the form of two substantially different local feature detectors aimed at providing considerably robust image representations. The first algorithm is an information theoretic-based keypoint extraction that responds to complementary local structures that are salient (highly informative) within the image context. This method represents a new paradigm in local feature extraction, as it introduces context-awareness principles. The second algorithm extracts Stable Salient Shapes, a novel type of regions, which are obtained through a feature-driven detection of Maximally Stable Extremal Regions (MSER). This method provides compact and robust image representations and overcomes some of the major shortcomings of MSER detection. We empirically validate the methods by investigating the repeatability, accuracy, completeness, and complementarity of the proposed features on standard benchmarks. Under these results, we discuss the applicability of both methods.
Description: Tese de doutoramento em Engenharia Informática apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/23751
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Informática - Teses de Doutoramento

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