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Title: Microstructural Characterization of Al/CNTs Nanocomposites after Cold Rolling
Authors: Carneiro, Íris
Fernandes, José V. 
Simões, Sónia
Keywords: powder metallurgy; deformation behaviour; cold rolling; metal matrix nanocomposites; carbon nanotubes
Issue Date: 14-Apr-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Project: NORTE-08-5369-FSE-000051 
Serial title, monograph or event: Nanomaterials
Volume: 13
Issue: 8
Abstract: The deformation behaviour of aluminium reinforced by carbon nanotubes (Al/CNTs) nanocomposites during cold rolling was investigated in this work. Deformation processes after production by conventional powder metallurgy routes may be an efficient approach to improve the microstructure and mechanical properties by decreasing the porosity. Metal matrix nanocomposites have enormous potential to produce advanced components, mainly in the mobility industry, with powder metallurgy being one of the most reported production processes. For this reason, it is increasingly important to study the deformation behaviour of nanocomposites. In this context, nanocomposites were produced via powder metallurgy. Advanced characterization techniques carried out the microstructural characterization of the as-received powders and produced nanocomposites. The microstructural characterization of the as-received powders and produced nanocomposites was carried out through optical microscopy (OM), and scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), complemented by electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD). The powder metallurgy route followed by cold rolling is reliable for Al/CNTs nanocomposites. The microstructural characterization shows that the nanocomposites exhibit a different crystallographic orientation than the Al matrix. CNTs in the matrix influence grain rotation during sintering and deformation. Mechanical characterization revealed that during deformation, there is an initial decrease in the hardness and tensile strength for the Al/CNTs and Al matrix. The initial decrease was attributed to the Bauschinger effect being more significant for the nanocomposites. The difference in the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites and Al matrix was attributed to distinct texture evolution during cold rolling.
ISSN: 2079-4991
DOI: 10.3390/nano13081362
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CEMMPRE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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