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Title: Integrated Use of Bioaccumulation, Genotoxic, and Haematological Endpoints to Assess the Effect of Water Remediation Strategies on Fish Health: A Complementary Study
Authors: Mieiro, Cláudia Leopoldina 
Coelho, João
Reis, Ana
Castro, Diana
Figueira, Paula
Martinho, Filipe 
Pardal, Miguel 
Pereira, Eduarda 
Pacheco, Mário
Lopes, Cláudia
Keywords: water quality; metallic mixtures; fish health; body burdens; haematological dynamics
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Project: This research was funded by RemAS—Magnetic nanoparticle and biowaste-based strategies for remediation of salt water under multi-stressor conditions (inorganic and emerging pollutants): evaluation of ecological and human risk PTDC/MAR-BIO/3533/2012 -FCOMP-01-0124- FEDER-029345, supported by FCT/MEC through national funds, and co-funding by the FEDER within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020. Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT, I.P.) also funded individual grants/contracts and institutional strategic projects as follows: P. Figueira (SFRH/BD/139077/2018), A.T. Reis (SFRH/BPD/122112/2016), C.B. Lopes (CEECIND/03739/2021), J.P. Coelho (CEECIND/01778/2020), C.L. Mieiro and F. Martinho (DL57/2016), CESAM Strategic Project UIDP/50017/2020+UIDB/50017/2020+LA/P/0094/2020, CFE Strategic Project UIDB/04004/2020 and project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, UIDB/ 50011/2020, UIDP/50011/2020 and LA/P/0006/2020, financed by national funds through the FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC). 
Serial title, monograph or event: Water (Switzerland)
Volume: 15
Issue: 8
Abstract: Biosorption successfully remediates saline water contaminated with legacy contaminants, but its effects on the health of marine organisms remain unclear. Therefore, our aim was to address this knowledge gap with data on the accumulation ability, as well as the cytogenetic and biochemical effects in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). To this end, we exposed turbot for seven days to a mixture of remediated metals (Rem treatments: Cd, Hg, and Pb), with and without the presence of nanoparticles (NP), and compared them with the maximum allowable concentrations (MAC treatment) for effluent discharges. We determined the metal accumulation in the blood and kidney and evaluated haematological changes (red blood cell count, haemoglobin, and mean cell haemoglobin (MCH)) and genotoxicity (erythrocytic nuclear abnormalities assay) in the blood. The results showed that remediation with non-living macroalgae significantly reduced the metallic blood and kidney burdens in the Rem treatments. Furthermore, no genotoxic potential occurred in the Rem and MAC treatments in parallel with the reduction in MCH levels in the Rem treatments, which would reflect hematopoietic disturbances in the MAC. Our results validate biosorption remediation as we achieved a considerable reduction in metal loads while maintaining the health status of fish, highlighting the importance of testing water remediation methods in the biota.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w15081564
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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