Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/113026
Title: Graduate Employability and Competence Development in Higher Education—A Systematic Literature Review Using PRISMA
Authors: Abelha, Marta 
Fernandes, Sandra
Mesquita, Diana
Seabra, Filipa 
Ferreira-Oliveira, Ana Teresa
Keywords: employability; graduates; competences; higher education; systematic review; PRISMA
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Sustainability
Volume: 12
Issue: 15
Place of publication or event: Basel Switzerland
Abstract: This paper aims to develop a systematic review on graduate employability and competence development, intending to present an international perspective on the matter. It analyses the role of higher education institutions in promoting the development of competences for employability. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA) statement was used as a formal systematic review guideline for data collection. Data was obtained from research studies over the period 2009–2019. The analysis included a total of 69 papers from Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus databases. Results show that Europe leads the number of publications on these topics during the past decade. One of the main issues associated with competence development and graduate employability found in the review is related to the (mis)match between university graduates’ competences and employers’ needs. Findings indicate that higher education institutions are concerned with using strategies to enhance the development of competences for graduate employability. Graduate employability and competence development around the world depend on a strong sense of innovation and collaboration practices implemented in higher education.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/113026
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su12155900
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEIS20 - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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