Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/108051
Title: The role of Prefrontal Cortex in a Battle of the Sexes Dilemma involving a Conflict between Tribal and Romantic love
Authors: Duarte, Isabel Catarina 
Costa, Sónia Brito 
Cayolla, Ricardo 
Castelo-Branco, Miguel 
Issue Date: 14-Aug-2018
Publisher: Springer Nature
Project: This work was supported by the BRAINTRAIN project FP7-HEALTH-2013-INNOVATION-1–602186, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) FCT-UID/NEU/04539/2013,—COMPETE, POCI- 01-0145-FEDER-007440, FEDER, COMPETE, CONNECT.BCI - Project No. 30852, Bial Foundation 207/16, 373/14, BIGDATIMAGE, CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-000016 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Abstract: The neural basis of dilemmas involving decisions with profound affective impact, such as in romantic life, remains to be understood. The "Battle of the Sexes" is a paradigm from Game Theory that can be used to experimentally address such dilemmas. A form of in-group love, tribal love in football fans, provides the opportunity to study strong affective dilemmas when tribal and romantic love compete for hedonic decision-making. Here, we used for the first time a "Battle of the Sexes" dilemma using fMRI. We investigated, in 44 male football fans, the neural correlates of cooperative behaviour under conflicting choices in the context of romantic versus tribal love. We identified a critical functional segregation of prefrontal regions in affective decision-making. The orbitofrontal cortex signalled emotional appraisal of the dilemma. The medial anterolateral and the ventromedial prefrontal cortices reflected reciprocal cooperation instead of selfish engagement in football-related activities. The lateral portion of anterolateral prefrontal cortex was recruited during ultimate deliberation. In sum, emotional appraisal and rational choice reflected a contiguous functional parcellation in anterolateral prefrontal cortex: appraisal (medial) vs. choice (lateral region).
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/108051
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-30611-6
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICNAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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