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Title: Sulfobetaine methacrylate-functionalized graphene oxide-IR780 nanohybrids aimed at improving breast cancer phototherapy
Authors: Leitão, Miguel M.
Alves, Cátia G.
de Melo-Diogo, Duarte
Lima-Sousa, Rita
Moreira, André F.
Correia, Ilídio J. 
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2020
Project: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007491 
CENTRO-01-0145- FEDER-028989 
CENTRO-01-0145- FEDER-028989 
SFRH/BD/ 145386/2019 
Volume: 10
Issue: 63
Abstract: The application of Graphene Oxide (GO) in cancer photothermal therapy is hindered by its lack of colloidal stability in biologically relevant media and modest Near Infrared (NIR) absorption. In this regard, the colloidal stability of GO has been improved by functionalizing its surface with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), which may not be optimal due to the recent reports on PEG immunogenicity. On the other hand, the chemical reduction of GO using hydrazine hydrate has been applied to enhance its photothermal capacity, despite decreasing its cytocompatibility. In this work GO was functionalized with an amphiphilic polymer containing [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (SBMA) brushes and was loaded with IR780, for the first time, aiming to improve its colloidal stability and phototherapeutic capacity. The attained results revealed that the SBMA-functionalized GO displays a suitable size distribution, neutral surface charge and adequate cytocompatibility. Furthermore, the SBMA-functionalized GO exhibited an improved colloidal stability in biologically relevant media, while its non-SBMA functionalized equivalent promptly precipitated under the same conditions. By loading IR780 into the SBMA-functionalized GO, its NIR absorption increased by 2.7-fold, leading to a 1.2 times higher photothermal heating. In in vitro cell studies, the combination of SBMA-functionalized GO with NIR light only reduced breast cancer cells' viability to 73%. In stark contrast, by combining IR780 loaded SBMA-functionalized GO and NIR radiation, the cancer cells' viability decreased to 20%, hence confirming the potential of this nanomaterial for cancer photothermal therapy.
DOI: 10.1039/d0ra07508f
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIEPQPF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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