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Title: Diversity oriented Deep Reinforcement Learning for targeted molecule generation
Authors: Pereira, Tiago 
Abbasi, Maryam 
Ribeiro, Bernardete 
Arrais, Joel P. 
Keywords: Drug Design; SMILES; Reinforcement Learnin; RNN
Issue Date: 9-Mar-2021
Publisher: Chemistry Central
Project: UID/ CEC/00326/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Cheminformatics
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Abstract: In this work, we explore the potential of deep learning to streamline the process of identifying new potential drugs through the computational generation of molecules with interesting biological properties. Two deep neural networks compose our targeted generation framework: the Generator, which is trained to learn the building rules of valid molecules employing SMILES strings notation, and the Predictor which evaluates the newly generated compounds by predicting their affinity for the desired target. Then, the Generator is optimized through Reinforcement Learning to produce molecules with bespoken properties. The innovation of this approach is the exploratory strategy applied during the reinforcement training process that seeks to add novelty to the generated compounds. This training strategy employs two Generators interchangeably to sample new SMILES: the initially trained model that will remain fixed and a copy of the previous one that will be updated during the training to uncover the most promising molecules. The evolution of the reward assigned by the Predictor determines how often each one is employed to select the next token of the molecule. This strategy establishes a compromise between the need to acquire more information about the chemical space and the need to sample new molecules, with the experience gained so far. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the method, the Generator is trained to design molecules with an optimized coefficient of partition and also high inhibitory power against the Adenosine [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] opioid receptors. The results reveal that the model can effectively adjust the newly generated molecules towards the wanted direction. More importantly, it was possible to find promising sets of unique and diverse molecules, which was the main purpose of the newly implemented strategy.
ISSN: 1758-2946
DOI: 10.1186/s13321-021-00498-z
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Informática - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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