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Title: Secreted Extracellular Vesicle Molecular Cargo as a Novel Liquid Biopsy Diagnostics of Central Nervous System Diseases
Authors: Monteiro-Reis, Sara
Carvalho-Maia, Carina
Bart, Genevieve
Vainio, Seppo J.
Pedro, Juliana 
Silva, Eunice R.
Sales, Goreti 
Henriques, Rui T. 
Jerónimo, Carmen 
Keywords: extracellular vesicles; central nervous system; biomarkers
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Project: MindGaP-H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 22
Issue: 6
Abstract: Secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) are heterogeneous cell-derived membranous granules which carry a large diversity of molecules and participate in intercellular communication by transferring these molecules to target cells by endocytosis. In the last decade, EVs' role in several pathological conditions, from etiology to disease progression or therapy evasion, has been consolidated, including in central nervous system (CNS)-related disorders. For this review, we performed a systematic search of original works published, reporting the presence of molecular components expressed in the CNS via EVs, which have been purified from plasma, serum or cerebrospinal fluid. Our aim is to provide a list of molecular EV components that have been identified from both nonpathological conditions and the most common CNS-related disorders. We discuss the methods used to isolate and enrich EVs from specific CNS-cells and the relevance of its components in each disease context.
ISSN: 1422-0067
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22063267
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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