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Title: Validated Analytical Modeling of Diesel Engines Intake Manifold with a Flexible Crankshaft
Authors: Elmoselhy, Salah A.M. 
Faris, Waleed F.
Rakha, Hesham A.
Keywords: nonlinear dynamics; fluid mechanics; diesel engine performance; exhaust emissions; modeling and simulation
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Project: Center for Sustainable Mobility, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA 
IIUM, Malaysia, grant # RMGS 09-10 
Serial title, monograph or event: Energies
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
Abstract: The flexibility of a crankshaft exhibits significant nonlinearities in the analysis of diesel engines performance, particularly at rotational speeds of around 2000 rpm. Given the explainable mathematical trends of the analytical model and the lack of available analytical modeling of the diesel engines intake manifold with a flexible crankshaft, the present study develops and validates such a model. In the present paper, the mass flow rate of air that goes from intake manifold into all the cylinders of the engine with a flexible crankshaft has been analytically modeled. The analytical models of the mass flow rate of air and gas speed dynamics have been validated using case studies and the ORNL and EPA Freeway standard drive cycles showing a relative error of 7.5% and 11%, respectively. Such values of relative error are on average less than those of widely recognized models in this field, such as the GT-Power and the CMEM, respectively. A simplified version for control applications of the developed models has been developed based on a sensitivity analysis. It has been found that the flexibility of a crankshaft decreases the mass flow rate of air that goes into cylinders, resulting in an unfavorable higher rate of exhaust emissions like CO. It has also been found that the pressure of the gas inside the cylinder during the intake stroke has four elements: a driving element (intake manifold pressure) and draining elements (vacuum pressure and flow losses and inertial effect of rotating mass). The element of the least effect amongst these four elements is the vacuum pressure that results from the piston’s inertia and acceleration. The element of the largest effect is the pressure drop that takes place in the cylinder because of the air/gas flow losses. These developed models are explainable and widely valid so that they can help in better analyzing the performance of diesel engines.
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en14051287
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFis - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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