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Title: Genomes from Verteba cave suggest diversity within the Trypillians in Ukraine
Authors: Gelabert, Pere
Schmidt, Ryan W
Fernandes, Daniel 
Karsten, Jordan K
Harper, Thomas K
Madden, Gwyn D
Ledogar, Sarah H
Sokhatsky, Mykhailo
Oota, Hiroki
Kennett, Douglas J
Pinhasi, Ron 
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nature Research
Project: Open access funding provided by University of Vienna 
European Commission’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (PACE #70245 to RWS and RP), 
Grand Valley State University Professional Development Grant (GDM) 
University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (JKK) 
National Science Foundation (BCS-1725067 to TKH and DJK) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Abstract: The transition to agriculture occurred relatively late in Eastern Europe, leading researchers to debate whether it was a gradual, interactive process or a colonisation event. In the forest and forest-steppe regions of Ukraine, farming appeared during the fifth millennium BCE, associated with the Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex (CTCC, ~ 5000-3000 BCE). Across Europe, the Neolithisation process was highly variable across space and over time. Here, we investigate the population dynamics of early agriculturalists from the eastern forest-steppe region based on the analyses of 20 ancient genomes from the site of Verteba Cave (3935-825 cal BCE). Results reveal that the CTCC individuals' ancestry is related to both western hunter-gatherers and Near Eastern farmers, has no local ancestry associated with Ukrainian Neolithic hunter-gatherers and has steppe ancestry. An Early Bronze Age individual has an ancestry profile related to the Yamnaya expansions but with 20% of ancestry related to the other Trypillian individuals, which suggests admixture between the Trypillians and the incoming populations carrying steppe-related ancestry. A Late Bronze Age individual dated to 980-825 cal BCE has a genetic profile indicating affinity to Beaker-related populations, detected close to 1000 years after the end of the Bell Beaker phenomenon during the third millennium BCE.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-11117-8
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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