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Title: Application of FT-IR-ATR Spectroscopy to Evaluate the Penetration of Surface Sizing Agents into the Paper Structure
Authors: Ferreira, Paulo J. 
Gamelas, José A. 
Moutinho, Isabel M. 
Ferreira, Ana G. 
Gómez, Nuria 
Molleda, Cristina 
Figueiredo, M. Margarida 
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2009
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 48:8 (2009) 3867-3872
Abstract: It is widely recognized that the surface properties of paper depend on the fibrous matrix and the final surface treatment applied to the paper. Regarding chemical paper surface treatments, an important issue is the evaluation of the penetration of chemical compounds into the fibrous matrix, as the chemicals can potentially cause changes in the intrinsic properties of paper. The work presented here aimed to use Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy to study paper surface sizing, namely, the penetration of the sizing chemicals into the paper structure. Two different surface sizing formulations were applied to paper produced from Eucalyptus globulus bleached pulp (reference paper): both contain 90% (w/w) cationic starch, but one contains 10% (w/w) poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) whereas the other contains 10% (w/w) poly(styrene-co-butyl acrylate). The surface-sized paper sheets were further manually delaminated, so that the top surfaces as well as the internal layers could be analyzed by FT-IR spectroscopy. A non-surface-sized sample was taken as the reference. From the spectroscopic results, it was possible to detect the presence of the copolymers on the paper top surfaces, despite the application of only small amounts of these chemicals in the surface sizing. However, the chemicals were not found in the layers closest to the surface (30−40 μm from the top), leading to the conclusion that the penetration of the sizing formulations into the fibrous matrix was insignificant (at least up to this distance). Infrared spectroscopy data also showed that the calcium carbonate added as a filler was always present at higher concentration in the analyzed inner layers than at the top surface, for the reference paper as well as the sized papers.
ISSN: 0888-5885
DOI: 10.1021/ie801765c
Rights: closedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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