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Title: The Protective Role of Self-Compassion in the Relationship between Perfectionism and Burnout in Portuguese Medicine and Dentistry Students
Authors: Pereira, Ana Telma 
Brito, Maria João 
Cabaços, Carolina 
Carneiro, Mário 
Carvalho, Frederica 
Manão, Andreia 
Araújo, Ana 
Pereira, Daniela 
Macedo, António 
Keywords: perfectionism; self-compassion; burnout; medical students
Issue Date: 2022
Project: FUNDAÇÃO CALOUSTE GULBENKIAN, grant number 241201 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 19
Issue: 5
Abstract: Recent studies have documented the high prevalence of burnout among medicine and dentistry students, with potentially catastrophic consequences for both students and patients. Both environmental and personality factors play a part in burnout; perfectionism, a common trait in medicine students' personalities, has been linked to psychological distress and increasing students' vulnerability to burnout. Self-compassion, i.e., treating oneself kindly through hardship, has recently emerged as a buffer between perfectionism and psychological distress. While using a novel three-factor conceptualization of perfectionism (BIG3), this study aims to analyze if self-compassion has a protective role in the relationship between perfectionism and burnout, in a sample of medicine and dentistry students, through mediation analysis. We found that self-compassion significantly mediated the relationship between all three forms of perfectionism and burnout: as a partial mediator in self-critical and rigid perfectionism, as well as a full mediator in narcissistic perfectionism. Our findings underline self-compassion's relevance in burnout prevention and management, supporting its use as an intervention target in burnout reduction programs and strategies.
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19052740
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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