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Title: Vertical Jump Tests: A Safe Instrument to Improve the Accuracy of the Functional Capacity Assessment in Robust Older Women
Authors: Santos, Carlos A. F.
Amirato, Gislene R.
Jacinto, Alessandro F.
Pedrosa, Ana V. 
Caldo-Silva, Adriana 
Sampaio, António R
Pimenta, Nuno A. C. 
Santos, Juliana M. B.
Pochini, Alberto
Bachi, André L. L.
Keywords: aging; vertical jump; isokinetic; power; strength; muscle; function tests
Issue Date: 8-Feb-2022
Serial title, monograph or event: Healthcare (Switzerland)
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Abstract: Age-related decreases in muscle function lead to disabilities and are associated with negative health outcomes in older people. Although several physical tests can be used to assess physical performance, muscle strength, and power, their interpretation can be hampered by the ceiling effect of some of them. The aim of this study was to assess whether vertical jump tests are safe in terms of physical integrity and whether they are useful in assessing physical performance in forty-one robust older women. The investigation entailed an assessment of anthropometric characteristics, physical functioning tests (Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), sit-to-up 5 times and sit-to-up 30 s, gait speed, time-up-to-go test (TUGT)), and tests evaluating muscle strength and power (handgrip, lower limb isokinetic tests, and vertical jumping tests). Significant negative correlations were found between vertical jumping tests and BMI, body fat percentage, sit-to-up 5 times and TUGT. In addition, significant positive correlations were observed between vertical jumping tests and SPPB, gait speed, handgrip, and concentric isokinetic tests of knee muscles. No adverse events in volunteers' physical integrity were reported during and after the performance of all physical tests. Thus, the study results showed that vertical jumping tests are safe and accurate for assessing physical performance and are useful for monitoring age-related loss of muscle performance in robust older women.
ISSN: 2227-9032
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare10020323
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIDAF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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