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Title: Genetic influence on football performance - a systematic review
Authors: Sarmento, Hugo 
Marques, Adilson
Field, Adam
Martins, João
Gouveia, Élvio
Prieto Mondragón, Laura
Ordoñez Saavedra, Nestor
Rodríguez, Diego
Clemente, Filipe Manuel 
Keywords: soccer; talent; heritage; training; performance
Issue Date: 2020
Project: Spanish government - PGC2018-098742-B-C31) (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Programa Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento y Fortalecimiento Científico y Tecnológico del Sistema I+D+i 
project ‘New approach of research in physical activity and sport from mixed methods perspective’ (NARPAS_MM) [SPGC201800X098742CV0]. 
Serial title, monograph or event: Human Movement
Volume: 21
Issue: 4
Abstract: Purpose. To systematically review and organise the available literature devoted to the topic of genetics and performance in football. Methods. A systematic search was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PubMed for original research published before October 2019. The following keywords were entered: ‘Soccer’ OR ‘Football’ AND ‘Genetic’ OR ‘Epigenic’ OR ‘Powergene’ OR ‘Genomic’ OR ‘Genotype’ OR ‘Polymorphism’ OR ‘Genetic marker’. Articles were screened by using pre-defined selection criteria, and methodological quality was assessed independently by 2 authors. Results. The electronic searches yielded 872 articles, and after the screening process, a total of 38 studies met the eligibility criteria and were subsequently included for review. Conclusions. The reviewed studies identified the most frequently addressed topics in this area of research: (1) performancerelated genes; (2) injury-related genes; (3) body composition-related genes; and (4) cardiac adaptations. This area of research is still at an early stage, and there is a need for studies to develop knowledge of genetics and its link with physical, technical, and cognitive performance in football with a view to facilitating talent identification in young players.
ISSN: 1899-1955
DOI: 10.5114/hm.2020.94198
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIDAF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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