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Title: A Protection for LPG Domestic Cylinders at Wildland-Urban Interface Fire
Authors: Barbosa, Thiago Fernandes 
Reis, Luís 
Raposo, Jorge 
Viegas, Domingos Xavier 
Keywords: forest fire; LPG cylinders; protection; safety; wildland-urban interface fires
Issue Date: 2022
Project: FireStorm (PCIF/GFC/0109/2017 
McFire (PCIF/MPG/0108/2017) 
Smokestorm (PCIF/MPG/0147/2019), 
SafeFire PCIF/SSO/0163/2019 
Serial title, monograph or event: Fire
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Abstract: Wildland fires are frequent events worldwide, particularly in the European-Mediterranean region, USA, and Australia. These fires have been more frequent and intense in recent years due to climate changes and may cause significant damage, especially when reaching the Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) areas. The presence of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders may cause severe events in WUI areas, as occurred in Portugal during the large wildfires of 2017, which could have been avoided if the cylinders were protected. Devices for protecting the parts of houses under WUI fire were previously presented, but a protective device for cylinders was not. In this work, a protective device for LPG cylinders made with a thin fabric with an aluminum coating on the external face was tested in laboratory and field conditions. The cylinder and the fabric were equipped with thermocouples and heat flux sensors attached to their surfaces. The tests showed that the device gave effective protection to the cylinder, decreasing the radiative heat flux that reaches it and keeping it in a safe condition when exposed to a fire; consequently preventing extreme behavior such as an explosion.
ISSN: 2571-6255
DOI: 10.3390/fire5030063
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D ADAI - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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