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Title: Reason, Phantasy, Animal Intelligence. A few remarks on Suárez and the Jesuit debate on the internal senses
Authors: Guidi, Simone 
Keywords: Francisco Suárez; Francisco Toledo; Conimbricenses; Internal Senses; History of Psychology; Scholastic Psychology
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: AAFDL Editora
Serial title, monograph or event: Pedro Caridade de Freitas, Margarida Seixas and Ana Caldeira Fouto (eds), “Suárez em Lisboa – 1617-2017”
Abstract: This paper addresses Suárez’s understanding of imagination and phantasy, dealing with it in the general Aristotelian debate on the internal senses. Paragraph 1 sketches Aristotle’s, Avicenna’s and Aquinas’s accounts of imagination, examining especially the boundary between human and animal cognition. Paragraph 2 addresses especially the Jesuits’ understanding of the topology of the internal senses, linking it with the Jesuit strategy for the demonstration of the soul’s immateriality and immortality. Paragraphs 3 and 4 deal with Suárez’s simplification of the internal senses, aimed at establishing a direct opposition between intellection (in men) and a general lower cognitive activity founded in the use of sensory representations (shared by men and animals). Paragraphs 5 and 6 focus on the role of phantasy in Suárez’s account of the illumination of phantasms, on Suárez’s use of Scotus’ concepts of ‘sympathy’, and ‘concomitance’ and the relevance of such a model in the demonstration of the soul’s immortality.
Rights: closedAccess
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