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Title: Families in the context of macroeconomic crises: A systematic review
Authors: Fonseca, Gabriela 
Cunha, Diana 
Crespo, Carla 
Relvas, Ana Paula 
Keywords: Macroeconomic crises; Economic distress; Family dynamics; Couples’ relationships; Parenting
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Family Psychology
Volume: 30
Issue: 6
Abstract: The present study is a systematic review of empirical literature from the last 35 years on families' responses to economic distress in the context of macroeconomic crises. Thirty-nine studies published between 1983 and 2015 in 12 countries were identified, resulting in 3 main findings. First, economic distress was associated with negative changes in family dynamics, specifically couple relationships and parenting. Second, protective factors were found to buffer the adverse effects of economic distress on family and individual outcomes. Third, the results suggest that individual responses to macroeconomic crises may be moderated by sex. Implications for future research encompass using validated assessment instruments, including participants beyond 2-parent families with adolescent children and conducting both longitudinal and qualitative studies that focus on the processes and meanings of adaptation within this risk context. Conclusions highlighted the need to assist families dealing with macroeconomic crises' demands, encouraging the development and validation of macrosystemic intervention programs.
ISSN: 0893-3200
DOI: 10.1037/fam0000230
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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