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Title: Inactivation of Caspase-1 in Rodent Brain: A Novel Anticonvulsive Strategy
Authors: Ravizza, Teresa 
Lucas, Sian-Marie 
Balosso, Silvia 
Bernardino, Liliana 
Ku, George 
Noé, Francesco 
Malva, João 
Randle, John C. R. 
Allan, Stuart 
Vezzani, Annamaria 
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Epilepsia. 47:7 (2006) 1160-1168
Abstract: Purpose: Cytokines and related inflammatory mediators are rapidly synthesized in the brain during seizures. We previously found that intracerebral administration of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-03B2 has proconvulsant effects, whereas its endogenous receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) mediates potent anticonvulsant actions in various models of limbic seizures. In this study, we investigated whether seizures can be effectively inhibited by blocking the brain production of IL-103B2, by using selective inhibitors of interleukin-converting enzyme (ICE/caspase-1) or through caspase-1 gene deletion. Methods: Caspase-1 was selectively blocked by using pralnacasan or VX-765. IL-103B2 release was induced in mouse organotypic hippocampal slice cultures by proinflammatory stimuli [lipopolysaccaride (LPS) + adenosine triphosphate (ATP)] and measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IL-103B2 production during seizures was measured in the rat hippocampus by Western blot. Seizures were induced in freely moving mice and rats by intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid and recorded by EEG analysis. Results: Caspase-1 inhibition reduced the release of IL-103B2 in organotypic slices exposed to LPS+ATP. Administration of pralnacasan (intracerebroventricular, 50 03BCg) or VX-765 (intraperitoneal, 252013200 mg/kg) to rats blocked seizure-induced production of IL-103B2 in the hippocampus, and resulted in a twofold delay in seizure onset and 50% reduction in seizure duration. Mice with caspase-1 gene deletion showed a 70% reduction in seizures and an approximate fourfold delay in their onset. Conclusions: Inhibition of caspase-1 represents an effective and novel anticonvulsive strategy, which acts by selectively reducing the brain availability of IL-103B2.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2006.00590.x
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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