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Title: Estimation of renewable energy and built environment-related variables using neural networks – A review
Authors: Rodrigues, Eugénio 
Gomes, Álvaro 
Gaspar, Adélio Rodrigues 
Henggeler Antunes, Carlos 
Keywords: Neural network; Solar variables; HHydrologic variables; Atmospheric variables; Geologic variables; Climate change
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: Ren4EEnIEQ (PTDC/EMS-ENE/3238/2014) 
SUSpENsE (CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-000006) 
FCT SFRH/BPD/99668/2014 
Serial title, monograph or event: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume: 94
Abstract: This paper presents a review on the application of neural networks for the estimation, forecasting, monitoring, and classification of exogenous environmental variables that affect the performance, salubrity, and security of cities, buildings, and infrastructures. The forecast of these variables allows to explore renewable energy and water resources, to prevent potentially hazardous construction locations, and to find the healthiest places, thus promoting a more sustainable future. Five research themes are covered—solar, atmospheric, hydrologic, geologic, and climate change. The solar section comprises solar radiation, direct and diffuse radiation, infrared and ultraviolet radiation, clearness index, and sky luminance and luminous efficacy. The atmospheric section reviews wind, temperature, humidity, cloud classification, and storm prediction. The hydrologic section focuses on precipitation, rainfall-runoff, hail, snow, drought, flood, tides, water levels, and other variables. The geologic section covers works on landslides, earthquakes, liquefaction, erosion, soil classification, soil mechanics, and other properties. Finally, climate change forecasting and downscaling of climate models are reviewed. This work demonstrates the wide range of applications of these methods in different research fields. Some research gaps and interdisciplinary research opportunities are identified for future development of comprehensive forecast and evaluation approaches regarding the estimation of renewable energy and built environment-related variables.
ISSN: 1364-0321
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.060
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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