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Title: A comparative study of extraction apparatus in HPLC analysis of ochratoxin A in muscle
Authors: Guillamont, E. 
Lino, C. 
Baeta, M. 
Pena, A. 
Silveira, M. I. N. 
Vinuesa, J. 
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 383:4 (2005) 570-575
Abstract: Abstract Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a secondary fungal metabolite produced by several moulds, mainly by Aspergillus ochraceus and by Penicillium verrucosum, that occurs in meat products. The aim of this work was to optimize an efficient extraction procedure for the determination of OTA in muscle tissue in order to assess its occurrence in meat samples. Three different apparatus, a Waring blender, a switching apparatus, and an ultrasonic processor, were evaluated to verify the efficiency of extraction. The analytical methods proposed involve the extraction with chloroform-orthophosphoric acid, cleanup through an immunoaffinity column, high-performance liquid chromatography/fluorescence detection for separation and identification of OTA, and confirmation with liquid chromatography/FD after methylation of OTA in muscle tissue. The limit of quantification of the proposed method was 0.04 µg kg-1. Recoveries of OTA, using switching apparatus, ranged from 90.3 to 103.2% for chicken muscle spiked at 2.4 and 0.48 µg kg-1, respectively, with a within-day relative standard deviation of 17 and 15.3%. The proposed method was applied to 38 chicken, swine, and turkey muscle samples and the presence of OTA was confirmed in five samples. Finally, the estimated daily intake of OTA in this study was between 23 pg kg-1 body weight per day for swine samples and 18 pg kg-1 body weight per day for turkey samples.
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-005-0051-4
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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