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Title: Protection of tamoxifen against oxidation of mitochondrial thiols and NAD(P)H underlying the permeability transition induced by prooxidants
Authors: Cardoso, Carla M. P. 
Almeida, Leonor M. 
Custódio, José B. A. 
Keywords: Mitochondrial permeability transition; NAD(P)H oxidation; Oxidative stress; Tamoxifen; Thiol groups oxidation
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Chemico-Biological Interactions. 148:3 (2004) 149-161
Abstract: The effects of tamoxifen (TAM) were studied on the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) induced by the prooxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH) or the thiol cross-linker phenylarsine oxide (PhAsO), in the presence of Ca2+, in order to clarify the mechanisms involved in the MPT inhibition by this drug. The combination of Ca2+ with t-BuOOH or PhAsO induces mitochondrial swelling and depolarization of membrane potential ([Delta][Psi]). These events are inhibited by cyclosporine A (CyA), suggesting the inhibition of the MPT. The pre-incubation of mitochondria with TAM also prevents those events and induces a time-dependent reversal of [Delta][Psi] depolarization following MPT induction, similarly to CyA. Moreover, TAM inhibits the Ca2+ release and the oxidation of NAD(P)H and protein thiol (-SH) groups promoted by t-BuOOH plus Ca2+. On the other hand, the MPT induced by PhAsO plus Ca2+ does not induce -SH groups oxidation, supporting the notion that MPT induction by this compound is not mediated by the oxidation of specific membrane proteins groups. However, TAM also inhibits the PhAsO induced MPT, suggesting that this drug may inhibit this phenomenon by inhibiting PhAsO binding to -SH vicinal groups, implicated in the MPT induction. These data indicate that the MPT inhibition by TAM may be related to its antioxidant capacity in preventing the oxidation of NAD(P)H and -SH groups or by blocking these groups, since the oxidation of these groups increases the sensitivity of mitochondria to the MPT induction. Additionally, they suggest an MPT-independent pathway for TAM-induced apoptosis and a potential ER-independent mechanism for the effectiveness of this drug in the cancer therapy and prevention.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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