Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/5404
Title: The influence of temperature and salinity on the duration of embryonic development, fecundity and growth of the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus Leach (Gammaridae)
Authors: Maranhão, Paulo 
Marques, João Carlos 
Keywords: Echinogammarus marinus; Embryonic development; Fecundity; Growth rates; Salinity; Temperature
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Acta Oecologica. 24:1 (2003) 5-13
Abstract: The effects of salinity and temperature on the duration of embryonic development, fecundity and growth of the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus Leach from the Mondego estuary (Portugal) were studied in laboratory experiments. Combinations of three temperatures (10, 15 and 20 °C) and four salinities (10, 15, 20 and 25 [per mille sign]) were used. The duration of embryonic development was 33 ± 0.7 d (mean ± S.E.) at 10 °C, 32 ± 0.5 d at 15 °C, and 17 ± 0.3 d at 20 °C. Analysis of variance demonstrated that the duration of E. marinus embryonic development, reared under different combinations of salinity and temperature, was significantly affected only by temperature (P < 0.001). A positive correlation between the number of newborn juveniles and the size of E. marinus females (as head length) was observed. The number of juveniles released per female was higher at 10 °C and lower at 20 °C. Analysis of variance showed that only temperature significantly affected the number of juveniles released per female (P < 0.001). Experimental data were used to calibrate the von Bertalanffy growth model. Results showed that growth was continuous throughout life under all laboratory conditions. Intrinsic growth rates were higher at 20 °C and lower at 10 °C. Analysis of covariance applied over the initial 90 d after hatching showed significant differences between growth rates of E. marinus under different salinity and temperature conditions. Extrapolation of laboratory data to the field scenario suggests that E. marinus in the Mondego estuary have a multivoltine life cycle.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/5404
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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