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Title: Use of the microorganism Bacillus stearothermophilus as a model to evaluate toxicity of the lipophilic environmental pollutant endosulfan
Authors: Martins, J. D. 
Monteiro, J. P. 
Antunes-Madeira, M. C. 
Jurado, A. S. 
Madeira, V. M. C. 
Keywords: [alpha]-Endosulfan; [beta]-Endosulfan; Fluorescence polarization; Bacillus stearothermophilus; Bacterial growth; Lipid membrane
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Toxicology in Vitro. 17:5-6 (2003) 595-601
Abstract: Microorganisms are very powerful tools for the supply of information about the toxic effects of lipophilic compounds, since an impairment of cell growth usually occurs as a result of perturbations related, in most cases, with the partition of toxicants in membranes. The thermophilic eubacterium Bacillus stearothermophilus has been used as a model system to identify [alpha]- and [beta]-endosulfan interactions with the membrane possibly related with the insecticide toxicity. Two approaches have been pursued: (a) bacterial growth is followed and the effects of endosulfan isomers determined; (b) biophysical studies with the fluorescent fluidity probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) were performed to assess the effects of [alpha]- and [beta]-endosulfan on the organization of the membrane lipid bilayer. The effects on growth were quantitatively evaluated by determination of growth parameters, namely the lag phase, the specific growth rate and the cell density reached by cultures in the stationary phase. Growth inhibition by [alpha] and [beta]-endosulfan dependent on the concentration is diminished or removed by the addition of 2.5 m Ca2+ to bacterial cultures. Fluorescence DPH polarization consistently showed opposite effects of Ca2+ and [alpha]- and [beta]-endosulfan on the physical state of bacterial polar lipid dispersions.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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