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Title: The effect of eutrophication abatement on the bivalve Scrobicularia plana
Authors: Verdelhos, T. 
Neto, J. M. 
Marques, J. C. 
Pardal, M. A. 
Keywords: eutrophication; management; Scrobicularia plana; population dynamics; ecological restoration
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 63:1-2 (2005) 261-268
Abstract: Over the last few decades, the excessive growth of macroalgae and decline of seagrass beds, associated with increased eutrophication, has become a worldwide problem. It is known that submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) offers stable habitats, allowing the continuous availability of food and protection against predators and contributing to biodiversity, sediment stability and water transparency when compared to areas covered by macroalgae mats. In the Mondego estuary (Portugal), several mitigation measures (nutrient-load reduction, seagrass-bed protection and freshwater-circulation enhancement) were implemented in 1998 in order to promote the recovery of the seagrass beds and the entire surrounding environment following a long period of eutrophication. Here the success of this restoration project is evaluated by comparing the water nutrient concentrations, the extent of seagrass cover and the dynamics of the bivalve Scrobicularia plana before and after the implementation of the management measures. During the period in which environmental quality declined, S. plana's adult abundance, total biomass and growth production also declined, parallel with the almost total disappearance of Zostera noltii. After the implementation of management measures, dissolved nutrients and green macroalgal blooms were much reduced, and seagrass beds started to recover. The S. plana population also responded positively, becoming more structured (including individuals of all age classes), with higher biomass and growth production.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2004.11.019
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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