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Title: Changes in Collembola richness and diversity along a gradient of land-use intensity: A pan European study
Authors: Sousa, José Paulo 
Bolger, Thomas 
Gama, Maria Manuela da 
Lukkari, Tuomas 
Ponge, Jean-François 
Simón, Carlos 
Traser, Georgy 
Vanbergen, Adam J. 
Brennan, Aoife 
Dubs, Florence 
Ivitis, Eva 
Keating, António 
Stofer, Silvia 
Watt, Allan D. 
Keywords: Collembola; Land-use intensity; Landscape diversity; Bioindicators
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Pedobiologia. 50:2 (2006) 147-156
Abstract: Changes in Collembola richness and diversity along a land-use intensity gradient were studied in eight European countries (Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Hungary, UK, Ireland and Finland). In each country a set of six 1 km2 land-use units (LUUs) were selected forming a gradient ranging from natural forest to agricultural dominated landscapes, passing through mixed-use ones. In addition to data on Collembola, detailed information regarding landscape diversity and structure was collected for each LUU. A total of 47,774 individuals were identified from 281 species. Collembola reacted not only to changes in the diversity of the landscape, but also to the composition of that diversity and the area occupied by each land-use type at each LUU. Although species richness patterns were not concordant among the different countries, the total number of species per LUU (landscape richness) was generally higher in natural forests and mixed-used landscapes, and lower in agricultural dominated landscapes. Moreover, high richness and diversity of Collembola at each LUU were associated with a diverse landscape structure, both in terms of number of patches and patch richness. Despite this comparable species richness between mixed-use landscapes and those dominated by natural forests, average species richness on forested areas (local richness) decreased along the gradient, showing that forest patches on mixed-use landscapes support a lower richness than in landscapes dominated by forest. This aspect is important when addressing the role of native forests in structuring biodiversity in disturbed and fragmented landscapes. Although a diverse landscape can support a high biodiversity, the results suggest that intensive fragmentation should be avoided with the risk of collapsing local species richness with the consequent result for regional biodiversity.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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