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Title: Carbon film electrodes for oxidase-based enzyme sensors in food analysis
Authors: Luca, S. De 
Florescu, M. 
Ghica, M. E. 
Lupu, A. 
Palleschi, G. 
Brett, C. M. A. 
Compagnone, D. 
Keywords: Oxidase enzymes; Carbon film electrodes; Prussian Blue mediator; Food analysis
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Talanta. 68:2 (2005) 171-178
Abstract: Carbon film resistor electrodes have been evaluated as transducers for the development of multiple oxidase-based enzyme electrode biosensors. The resistor electrodes were first modified with Prussian Blue (PB) and then covered by a layer of covalently immobilized enzyme. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to characterize the interfacial behaviour of the Prussian Blue modified and enzyme electrodes; the spectra demonstrated that the access of the substrates is essentially unaltered by application of the enzyme layer. These enzyme electrodes were used to detect the substrate of the oxidase (glucose, ethanol, lactate, glutamate) via reduction of hydrogen peroxide at +50 mV versus Ag/AgCl in the low micromolar range. Response times were 1-2 min. Finally, the glucose, ethanol and lactate electrochemical biosensors were used to analyse complex food matrices--must, wine and yoghurt. Data obtained by the single standard addition method were compared with a spectrophotometric reference method and showed good correlation, indicating that the electrodes are suitable for food analysis.
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2005.06.017
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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