Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/47549
Title: Can drug safety be predicted and animal experiments reduced by using isolated mitochondrial fractions?
Authors: Pereira, Susana P 
Pereira, Gonçalo C 
Moreno, António J 
Oliveira, Paulo J 
Keywords: Animals; Cell Fractionation; Drug Evaluation, Preclinical; Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions; High-Throughput Screening Assays; Humans; Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial; Mitochondria; Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins; Models, Animal; Permeability; Predictive Value of Tests; Risk Assessment; Xenobiotics; Animal Testing Alternatives; Animals, Laboratory
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Serial title, monograph or event: Alternatives to laboratory animals : ATLA
Volume: 37
Issue: 4
Abstract: Mitochondrial toxicity has resulted in the withdrawal of several drugs from the market. One particular example is nefazodone, an anti-depressant withdrawn in the USA due to hepatoxicity caused by drug-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Drug development and safety testing can involve the use of large numbers of laboratory animals, which, without a decisive pre-screening for mitochondrial toxicity, are often unable to pre-empt higher mortality rates in some patient groups. The use of isolated mitochondria as a screening tool for drug safety can decrease the number of laboratory animals used in pre-clinical studies, thus improving animal welfare and healthcare outcomes and costs. Novel techniques involving high-throughput methods can be used to investigate whether a molecule is a mitochondrial toxicant. Moreover, these screens are mechanistically-based, since the effects of the drug on oxidative phosphorylation, calcium homeostasis and mitochondrial genetics can be assessed. This review is intended to demonstrate that isolated mitochondrial fractions are suitable for predicting drug and general chemical safety in toxicological screenings, thus contributing to the refinement and reduction of animal use in laboratory research.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/47549
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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