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Title: Being bullied and feeling ashamed: Implications for eating psychopathology and depression in adolescent girls
Authors: Duarte, Cristiana 
Pinto-Gouveia, José 
Rodrigues, Tânia 
Keywords: Adolescent; Body Image; Body Mass Index; Child; Crime Victims; Depression; Feeding and Eating Disorders; Female; Humans; Psychological Tests; Self Concept; Surveys and Questionnaires; Bullying; Shame
Issue Date: 2015
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Adolescence
Volume: 44
Abstract: The current study examined the associations between peer victimization, body image shame, self-criticism, self-reassurance, depressive symptoms and eating psychopathology in 609 female adolescents. Correlational analyses showed that being the victim of bullying was positively associated with body image shame, self-criticism, with low self-reassurance, depressive symptoms and eating psychopathology. A path analysis indicated that victimization experiences were associated with increased depressive symptoms partially through increased levels of body image shame, and a severe form of self-criticism - hated self. Body image shame and hated-self self-criticism fully mediated the association between victimization experiences eating psychopathology. The tested model accounted for a total of 51% of depressive symptoms variance and for 52% of eating psychopathology variance. These findings may have important intervention and prevention implications, by suggesting that bullying experiences fuel body image shame and consequent self-directed hostility and anger, which, in turn, predict increased depressive symptomatology and eating psychopathology in female adolescents.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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