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Title: Memory and linguistic/executive functions of children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning
Authors: Água Dias, Andrea 
Albuquerque, Cristina P. 
Simões, Mário Rodrigues 
Keywords: Borderline Intellectual Functioning, neuropsychological functions, verbal memory, visual memory, rapid naming, verbal fluency
Issue Date: 2017
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Neuropsychology: Child
Issue: Advance on line publication
Abstract: Children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) have received little research attention and have been studied in conjunction with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The present study intends to broaden the knowledge on BIF, by analyzing domains such as verbal memory and visual memory, as well as tasks that rely simultaneously on memory, executive functions and language. A cross-sectional, comparison study was carried out between a group of 40 children with BIF (mean age = 10.03; 24 male and 16 female), and a control group of 40 normal children of the same age, gender and socioeconomic level as the BIF group. The WISC-III Full Scale IQs of the BIF group ranged from 71 to 84. The following instruments were used: Word List, Narrative Memory, Rey Complex Figure, Face Memory, Rapid Naming (both RAN and RAS tests) and Verbal Fluency. The results showed deficits in children with BIF in verbal short-term memory, rapid naming, phonemic verbal fluency and visual short-term memory, specifically in a visual recognition task, when compared with the control group. Long-term verbal memory was impaired only in older children with BIF and long-term visual memory showed no deficit. Verbal short term memory stands out as a limitation and visual long term memory as a strength. Correlations between the WISC-III and neuropsychological tests scores were predominantly low. The study expands the neuropsychological characterization of children with BIF and the implications of the deficits and strengths are stressed.
DOI: 10.1080/21622965.2017.1384924
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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